On September 30, a round table discussion titled "Reforms as a factor of civil society activation” was held within the 4th Ecumenical Social Week. Ukrainian and foreign experts discussed the reforms in the areas of leadership, political conjuncture, health.

Lionel J. Kvinel , Ph.D., director of the HQS Consulting Services corporation, Winnipeg (Canada), began the discussion and  focused on the concept of leadership. Mr. Kvinel started discussing his vision a day before at the Academic Conference. The speaker stressed that it is important to pay attention to the two-stage implementation of leadership in the society: first, a difficult stage of societal development, and second,the risk of reform.

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"Leadership is what you need to do something in order to move the process of evolution. The process should be all-inclusive. Reform is a change, the leader’s task is to find a sample of the reform. I am  also convinced that this process can be the process of reforms management ," emphasized Mr. Kvinel.

According to the speaker, the leader should ask and answer the questions: what is the problem? what caused the problem? what is the solution? why does this strategy make sense? why should this strategy be acceptable to all people? The leader’s work is a kind of social architecture, where there are ideas, attitudes, thoughts and respect. Lionel Dzh.Kvinel quoted George Collins: "If you believe that you have the answer, you are a part of the problem." In his opinion, we should act, though we are in a state of "risk manager ". The process of leadership is based on the following principles: reflection, intellectual discourse, disagreement (those people lose who follow "the principle of the devil"), " said Mr. Kvinel. In general, the following positions were defined within the discussion: leaders should always move forward, because they are the driving force and the unifying factor of the society. "The essence of leadership it to have fear but consider it as a pleasure," concluded the speaker.

  Victor Yelenskyi, Ph.D., President of Ukrainian Association of Religious Freedom joined the discussion. The speaker pointed out that the idea of ​​the state is mainly not realized because of the lack of public discussion about the problems. "The purpose of our reforms is to ensure stability. Many of the reforms turn into profanity: education reform - reducing the required schooling, administrative – merging the ministries, pension - increasing the age limit.  It happens because there is a lack of confidence in such reforms", said the speaker.

Victor Yelenskyi suggested ways to overcome social obstacles. First, a recognition of the failure of the reforms, second, gathering the "reformers" at the round table (end of the political repression), and third, outlining of the concept of the reforms with an emphasis on confidence and budget reallocation to other industries. Mr. Yelenskyi assured the audience that the younger generation is able to begin implementing these projects.

 It is important to suggest that society reform its credibility through the prism of the health system,”  said Lilya Kloss, Doctor of Sociology and Social Work "Lviv Polytechnic.” She started the discussion about the gradation of civil society, which is a fundamental reform of the national health system. "Besides so many other types of crises, Ukraine is experiencing a deep social crisis through the high mortality rate of both genders," said  Lilya Kloss.

 The speaker presented the overall state of health of the Ukrainian population and stressed the high level of TB disease, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and AIDS. A number of initiatives were offered during the discussion. Firstly, it is important to raise the social culture of the population, including biological social and spiritual model of health. This includes the following components:

- A biological basis
- A social basis,
- A spiritual foundation
and rethinking the values ​​of the structure of individuals. 

 The roundtable participants also heard a report from Ivanna Synytska, a representative of Saint Ehidiy Communities, who paid attention to the reforms in the light of the attention to the poor segment of the population. The speaker addressed the history of the community, which is founded in 1986 on the basis of volunteering for the protection of poor people. Within the discussion, Ms. Synytska drew attention to the words of Pope Benedict XVI: «How to be friends of those who belong to God." The speaker said that an example of such a tolerant attitude towards the poor is giving gifts at Christmas, symbolizing the importance of and attention to each. "I think that the indicator of society is the attitude of the authorities towards the poor, so here it is appropriate to cite the words of John Chrysostom: When we dismiss poor, we dismiss salvation," said Ivanna Synytska.

 Irina Kurlyak, Professor, Head of the Department of General and Social Pedagogy in UCU, spoke about the problems of interpersonal relations, including the phenomenon of mobbing. Ms. Kurlyak introduced mobbing factors in society: legal, institutional, psychological. Because of mobbing there occurs a psychological isolation in the society, attacks on social dialogue, and the deterioration of working and living conditions. The speaker also presented different types mobbings: a sports-related type, a type with the mission “crazy”? type, and an economic type. The concept of mobbing leveling accompanies a reduction "attempts on the destiny of man," reduction of the impact on human psychological stability. Therefore, the reporter stressed the importance of interpersonal relationships in the value internal social interactions, which certainly enhances the credibility of the societal reforms.


In general, the roundtable participants worked out and presented the ideas and initiatives as to the implementation of reforms through the intensification of social dialogue.